The Gagauzes of Ukraine. Who’re they?

Gagauzes can be A orthodox christian turkic-speaking individuals, the descendants associated with nomadic Oghuz tribes. The Ukrainian Gagauzes have already been compactly surviving in the villages and urban centers of Bessarabia (Budzhak). The Gagauz tradition, traditions, and food have actually changed considering that the use of Christianity. Nowadays the tradition of celebrating one of many major vacations regarding the Gagauz individuals, Hederlez or Saint George’s Day, is combining pagan, Muslim, and Christian elements.

Vynohradivka is just a town in Bessarabia, that has been launched by the Gagauzes and Bulgarians within the very early century that is 19th. The town ended up being unofficially divided in to the Bulgarian and also the Gagauz components. The founders of Vynohradivka (the old name regarding the village ended up being Kurcu) originated in the villages Akbiri and Balchik in Bulgaria. Based on the legend now told through the locals, when Gagauzes and Bulgarians stumbled on this land, they first let their lambs off to graze. They made a decision to relax where in fact the lambs discovered meals.

Nowadays the social folks of Vynohradivka earnestly support and develop the Gagauz tradition and discover their mother tongue. The Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine supports book of textbooks when it comes to neighborhood kids to discover the Gagauz language . Besides, the Regional Centre of Gagauz tradition and a museum had been launched in Vynohradivka. Writer of the initial textbooks, in addition to manager regarding the Сultural Сentre, is Olga Kulaksyz.

Through the ancient times, the Gagauz calendar had a unique function: it approximately divided the season into two periods — summer time and cold temperatures. Each started with one of the greatest Gagauz vacations: Hederlez and Kas?m. This unit is related to sheep agriculture, that has been the main task of the individuals for years and years. Summertime started with all the Hederlez vacation whenever the herd owners made an agreement utilizing the shepherds and handed the herds up to them for grazing. As soon as the right time arrived to come back the herds, it signified the start of the winter duration. These vacations are provided by numerous peoples that are turkic. The holiday season got context that is religious, after Gagauzes adopted Christianity.

The Gagauz Hederlez

Hederlez * * Ay Yorgi — Saint George’s Day — could be the vacation associated with the world’s revival, the initial dew, the offspring that is first. It’s very honoured breaks for several peoples that are turkic. The Orthodox Christian Gagauzes call this vacation Saint George’s Day and honour it up to Easter. Some time ways of celebration somewhat vary when it comes to various individuals. Crimean Tatars, as an example, celebrate Hederlez on the very first Friday of might, while for the Gagauzes it is from the 6th of might.

This holiday is associated with a meeting of Islamic prophets Illia (Ilyas) and al-Khidr (Khedher) on earth in Muslim tradition. Ilyas, that is considered to be the patron of water and cattle, arises from the western. Khedher, in change, arises from the East and is the patron of people. Names associated with the two prophets are combined into the title associated with the getaway. The very first day’s Hederlez event could be the time once they meet, that your Turkic people believe become regarding the very very very first week of May.

In Vynohradivka, Hederlez is celebrated in the 6th of might. With this day, they typically prepare kurban , the meat of a sacrificed lamb; kurban bulguru (pirinci) , porr >kurban ekmiaia , bread. The term “kurban” itself means “sacrifice” .

A significant part regarding the visit to Vynohradivka is planning a dish called kurban bulguru . A complete carcass of a lamb has been donated towards the mind of this neighborhood church. Villagers think that this brings welfare, comfort and health to families into the year that is next.

Everybody into the town is invited for the celebration. Anyone can participate in company for the festivities:

— who desires can add a lamb that is sacrificed. This kind of contribution is known to create health that is good. If you find no lamb in a family group, it could since very well be purchased.

Villages with churches known as after Saint George celebrate the Temple Day (a single day regarding the Village) about this time. The church in Vynohradivka is truly known as after Saint George, and so the tradition is well-kept.

Then this holiday is celebrated in family circle if newlyweds have chosen Saint George as the protector of their family, or head of the family’s name is George.

Party may be split into two phases: spiritual and entertaining. Each morning, villagers visit church when it comes to service that is holy and after that they gather for getaway dinner and celebrations.

Then the meal will consist of lean dishes only if Hederlez falls on one of fasting days, like Friday. Fish soup, boiled and fried fish, pickled herring are offered rather than meat.

After the supper, it is time for celebrations. Within the previous, horse events, sport competitions, and wrestling had been usually held. Now the format changed only a little, as Olga Kulaksyz states:

In Vynohradivka we’ve no area that is proper hold a horse battle, and even though we do have horses. We conduct sport games feasible to organise: checkers, chess, soccer, wrestling. Wrestling is quite popular in our area. As well as the indispensable component is the concert.

Artists off their villages of Bessarabia and Gagauzia are invited to execute.

Saint George’s Day can be celebrated because of the Bulgarians of Vynohradivka. For the getaway, dozens of who once left the village come back house. Some event traditions with this getaway will vary for Gagauzes and Bulgarians. Nonetheless, there are many similarities.